Surgery is a modality of treatment in cancer care usually performed to remove cancer cells, and other cancer-related symptoms. Whether a patient requires undergoing a surgery or not depends on multiple factors such as the type, size, location, grade and stage of the tumor, as well as other general health factors such as age, physical fitness and other medical conditions. In many cases, surgery is combined with other cancer treatments such as Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy or Hormone Therapy. These may be given before surgery (Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy) or after surgery (Adjuvant Chemotherapy) to help prevent cancer growth, spread or recurrence.
Organ Preservation Surgeries at HCG now allows the specialists to remove the tumor from a site on the body without having to remove the organ. The surgeries can be performed for the removal of the tumor in the following cancers: Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Tongue Cancer and Laryngeal Cancer to name a few. At the beginning of the treatment planning process, the specialists plan on how to pro-actively manage any side effects from surgery. A team of Nutritionists, Rehabilitation Therapists and other clinicians work alongside the surgical oncologist to support the patients healing and quality of life after the surgery is completed.
Cancer treatment sometimes change the appearance of a body part, while re-constructive surgery helps to repair that damage. Re-constructive surgery is most commonly needed after some types of surgery to remove the cancer. A patient may choose to have re-constructive surgery after a mastectomy. In cases involving cancer of Head & Neck it may be required to replace tissues or nerves during the treatment for these cancers.
Advanced Technology in Surgery
da Vinci - Robotic Surgery
Robotic surgery or Robot-assisted Surgery, allows doctors to perform many types of complex procedures with more precision, flexibility and control than possible with conventional techniques. Robotic surgery is usually associated with minimally invasive surgery — procedures performed through tiny incisions. It is also, sometimes, used in certain traditional open surgical procedures.
Technologies like 3D prints help surgical oncologists convert scanned 2D pictures captured by MRI/ PET/ CT scan into a 3D visible model, which helps to plan the treatment process in a better way. Usually the surgeons use the palpation technique with 2D image to create a picture of the tumor, which may not be fully seen. This 3D print model also helps reconstructive surgeries to restore the body's appearance and function, by giving them an idea about the extent of the damage. This technique usually helps the specialists to explain the problem to the patient as compared to the previously used MRI film due to lack of medical interpretation.