Best Gastrointestinal Oncology Service in India

OVERVIEWGastrointestinal oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with diagnosing and treating cancers of the digestive system. Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is a collective term that refers to cancers originating in the GI tract's organs. Esophageal, stomach, liver, and colorectal cancers are the most common GI cancers reported in India.

Across the HCG Network, we have some of the best GI cancer specialists in India who specialise in gastrointestinal oncology and are well-versed in accurately diagnosing, treating, and managing gastrointestinal cancers using modern technologies and new-age treatment approaches.


Management of Gastrointestinal Cancers

Gastrointestinal cancer management requires a multidisciplinary approach. As the best GI cancer hospital in India, we strive to deliver the highest quality cancer care with the help of our specialised tumour board consisting of experts from various disciplines. They carefully review each case before devising personalised treatment plans that aim to improve the survival rates and quality of life among patients.

Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Cancers

Oncologists recommend a wide array of tests for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancers. A complete physical examination and medical history assessment will also be done to get a better understanding of the symptoms and their possible causes. The following are the commonly recommended tests for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancers:

Lab Tests:

Tests that look for specific biomarkers that indicate the presence of gastrointestinal cancers.


Removal of a small portion of tissue from the suspected area to examine for the presence of cancer cells under a microscope.


Insertion of a flexible tube fitted with a camera through the mouth or anus to examine the upper or lower GI tract for anomalies, and sometimes to collect biopsy samples.

Imaging Tests:

MRI scans, PET-CT scans, etc., are recommended to gain more information about the tumour, such as its exact location, size, stage, and grade.

Treatment for Gastrointestinal Cancers

The treatment plan for gastrointestinal cancers is created after considering various factors, namely the type of cancer, its origin, its stage, its size and shape, the exact location of the tumour, the patient’s age, the patient’s overall health status, and the patient’s preferences. Following are the different treatment options available for gastrointestinal cancers:

Surgery, which is the primary treatment for gastrointestinal cancers, is aimed at removing cancerous tissues. It can be done through open surgery or minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopic and robotic procedures, depending on the cancer type, stage, and patient's health.

Radiation therapy is a common treatment for gastrointestinal cancers, administered internally or externally, often combined with chemotherapy and surgery for better results. It may also help manage pain in advanced-stage cases.

Systemic therapies aim to kill cancer cells throughout the body and are useful in managing cancers that have spread. The following systemic therapies are recommended for gastrointestinal cancers:

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes. Gastrointestinal cancers are treatable. Today, we have advanced diagnostic and treatment facilities that help us accurately diagnose and effectively manage gastrointestinal cancers.

Gastrointestinal cancers are best treated when they are diagnosed in the early stages. Therefore, it is important for one to consider regular screening and not ignore any GI issues that last for more than 2 weeks.

Gastrointestinal cancers, in most cases, may not show any symptoms in the early stages, and if they do, the symptoms will be similar to those of many other, less severe GI problems. Therefore, it is important not to ignore any GI symptoms and to seek appropriate medical attention as and when necessary.

Symptoms of gastrointestinal cancers vary depending on the type of cancer and may include abdominal pain, bloating, blood in the stool, weight loss, changes in bowel habits, and fatigue.

There are a few measures that you can take to reduce the risk of gastrointestinal cancers. Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, and opting for regular screening, are a few things you can do to reduce your GI cancer risk.