Best Thoracic Oncology Service in India

OVERVIEWThoracic oncology is a medical speciality that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of cancers of the chest region. Lung cancer is the most common type of thoracic cancer, and it accounts for around 85% of thoracic cancers. Other types of thoracic cancer include tracheal cancer, pleural mesothelioma, thymoma, and mediastinal tumours. Thoracic cancers can be treated and managed successfully, and early detection is the key to improving the prognosis for these cancers.

At HCG, we have a robust team of thoracic oncology specialists who are highly skilled and vastly experienced in managing thoracic cancers, achieving better quality clinical outcomes, and helping patients see a prompt recovery.


Management of Thoracic Cancers

As a leading cancer hospital in India, we understand the complexity of thoracic cancer. Our multidisciplinary approach and personalised treatment plans ensure every patient gets the best possible care. Our experienced specialists work together to create tailored treatment plans based on the patient's unique needs, medical history, and cancer stage. With this approach, we provide high-quality care and improve the chances of a successful outcome.

Diagnosis of Thoracic Cancers

To diagnose thoracic cancer, doctors perform physical examinations, take medical histories, and use various tests. Commonly recommended tests by oncologists include:

Lab Tests:

To check for the presence of specific markers that indicate thoracic cancers.


To examine the thoracic cavity for tumours using an endoscope that carries a camera and light source.

Imaging Tests:

To determine tumour size, shape, and location for treatment planning using chest X-ray, MRI, PET, and CT scans.

Sputum Analysis:

To analyse mucus or phlegm for the presence of cancerous cells.


To examine the tissue sample from the suspected area for cancer cells.

Treatment for Thoracic Cancers

Upon arriving at a definitive cancer diagnosis, our thoracic cancer specialists will develop a treatment plan. Our specialists will consider multiple factors, like the type of cancer, its stage, its exact location, the patient’s age, their overall health status, and other factors before working on a comprehensive treatment plan. The following are the treatment options available for thoracic cancers:

Surgery is one of the main lines of treatment for thoracic cancers. Surgery focuses on removing the tumour and a small portion of the healthy tissues that surround it. Thoracic oncology specialists may recommend open or minimally invasive surgery (video-assisted thoracic surgery or robotic surgery) for thoracic cancer treatment.

Depending on the stage, type, and location of the tumour, the following surgical procedures recommended for thoracic cancer include:

Radiation therapy is another commonly recommended treatment for thoracic cancers. Radiation therapy uses powerful radiation beams to destroy cancer cells. Today, with the help of advanced radiotherapy platforms, we can precisely target cancer cells, reduce damage to nearby healthy tissues, and thereby improve the quality of life for patients.

Systemic therapies aim to kill cancer cells throughout the body using drugs and biomolecules. The following are the systemic therapies recommended for thoracic cancers:

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, thoracic cancers are treatable. Nevertheless, early detection is crucial for better outcomes in thoracic cancer. Recognising the symptoms and seeking medical attention for any symptom lasting more than two weeks can help diagnose thoracic cancer in its early stages. This, coupled with state-of-the-art technology and modern treatment approaches, can successfully manage thoracic cancer cases.

Persistent coughing, coughing up blood or bloody mucus, chest pain, fatigue, heartburn, indigestion, shortness of breath, hoarse voice, loss of appetite, and unintentional weight loss are the common symptoms associated with thoracic cancers.

One of the biggest risk factors for thoracic cancer is smoking. Both active and passive smoking are reported to increase the risk of thoracic cancer. Along with this, exposure to certain hazardous chemicals and carcinogens can also increase the risk. Lastly, having a personal or family history of thoracic cancer is also a risk factor.

When you begin experiencing the symptoms of thoracic cancer, please do not panic. At times, these symptoms can be caused by other, less-severe health conditions, too. That said, you shouldn’t ignore these symptoms either.

When you start experiencing symptoms, promptly see a doctor. A doctor will help you know what is causing these symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment.

There are no known ways to prevent thoracic cancers completely. However, avoiding smoking and exposure to harmful chemicals, consuming a healthy diet, staying physically active, and opting for regular screening can help you reduce the risk of thoracic cancers significantly.