Best Surgical Oncology Service in India

OVERVIEWSurgery is a critical component of cancer treatment, and advancements like minimally invasive and robotic procedures have made it more effective than ever.

At HCG, we have some of the best cancer surgeons in India who are highly skilled in managing a wide range of primary and secondary cancers, with a special focus on preserving patients' quality of life. In some cases, removing an affected organ may be necessary to prevent cancer from spreading, but our reconstruction experts are equipped to restore organ structure and function, helping patients regain their confidence and return to their normal lives.

Surgery for Cancer

Surgery removes the tumour along with a small amount of surrounding healthy tissue known as the margin. Surgery is recommended for various purposes:


Removing tumours

Preventing the spread of cancer

Reconstruction of body parts, and

Palliative care

Factors such as the type, size, stage, and location of cancer, along with the patient's age and physical condition, are considered before recommending surgery. Surgery can be combined with other treatments like radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy for better results.

Modern Cancer Surgery Solutions at HCG

Organ preservation surgery removes only the tumour and a small portion of healthy tissue that surrounds it, not the entire organ.

Key advantages of organ preservation surgery include improved quality of life, reduced risks and complications, better aesthetics, faster recovery, and lower healthcare costs.

By preserving the affected organ, patients can maintain their bodily functions and avoid the need for artificial replacement while minimising the risks associated with complete organ removal. Additionally, organ preservation surgery is less invasive and traumatic, resulting in a faster recovery time and shorter hospital stay while also reducing the costs associated with postoperative care and rehabilitation.

For some cancers, the affected organ needs to be removed along with surrounding tissue, which may result in a changed appearance or reduced function. Reconstruction surgery can restore function and improve appearance by transferring tissues or bones from another part of the body. This can positively impact a patient's psychosocial well-being.

At HCG, which is one of the top cancer hospitals in India, advanced technologies like 3D printing are used in treatment planning to obtain a better picture of the damage caused by cancer.

Minimally invasive surgeries, unlike open surgeries, require very few, smaller incisions to operate and remove the tumours. These surgeries cause less damage to the surrounding healthy tissues. Other advantages of minimally invasive surgeries include lesser pain and blood loss, faster recovery, a shorter hospital stay, and fewer treatment-related complications.

Also known as keyhole surgery, involves using a small incision or natural orifice to insert a flexible tube with a camera, light, and surgical instrument to study and treat internal organs. Common endoscopic procedures include thoracoscopy, laparoscopy, gastroscopy, and colonoscopy.

It is a minimally invasive technique that uses high-intensity light beams to shrink or destroy cancerous and precancerous growths. It is commonly used to manage early-stage cancers of the cervix, vagina, lungs, and skin. Laser surgery can also alleviate cancer symptoms, control the spread of cancer, and delay disease progression.

It is a precise and flexible mode of surgical approach that helps effectively manage cancer. Robotic surgeries provide more control to oncologists, allowing them to operate on tumours without damaging surrounding healthy tissue.

At HCG, we house the pathbreaking da Vinci robotic surgery system, providing robotic surgeons with unparalleled precision and flexibility. The system's EndoWrist technology enables a wider range of arm motions, enhancing the efficiency of complex surgeries. With da Vinci, patients can expect better clinical outcomes, less pain, fewer treatment-related complications, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery.

Frequently Asked Questions

A second opinion always helps. However, it is important to go for one as soon as you are diagnosed with cancer and recommended to undergo surgery. Delays may lead to disease progression and reduce the chances of better clinical outcomes.

Organ preservation surgeries, such as lumpectomy, have been proven to be highly safe and effective, with an over 80% 10-year survival rate. To improve outcomes, these surgeries are often combined with radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Doctors thoroughly evaluate prognostic factors and the risk of recurrence before recommending lumpectomy as a suitable treatment option.

It is important to follow what your doctor has recommended. For some early-stage cancers, cancer specialists recommend surgery alone. In most cases, cancers are treated with a multimodal treatment approach for better results. So, if your doctor advises you to receive chemotherapy or radiation therapy before or after surgery, it must be followed.

If you have any concerns about receiving chemo or radiation therapy, make sure to discuss them with your doctor.

You will be asked not to eat or drink anything for 6–8 hours prior to the procedure. After the procedure, you can start eating anything you want as soon as you feel comfortable.

Usually, the doctor will clearly explain the procedure along with the dos and don’ts right before the surgery. In case you have any concerns, they can be discussed then.

Robotic surgeries are relatively less painful than open surgeries.

Patients may experience pain from smaller incisions once the effect of anaesthesia wears off. This pain can be managed through medication. Since these incisions are smaller and heal quickly, patients, in most cases, don’t experience much pain after the robotic surgery.