Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Treatment & Diagnosis

An early diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia goes a long way toward designing an appropriate treatment for this condition. It is important for patients not to ignore the different signs and symptoms of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

The diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia is made using various tests. These tests help doctors arrive at a definitive diagnosis, determine the extent of the disease, and devise a treatment plan that is most suitable for the patient.

At HCG, acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatments are devised by a multidisciplinary care team. This team comprises specialists coming from multiple disciplines to thoroughly evaluate the case and then create a treatment plan that is tailor-made to the individual needs of the patient.

Tests for Diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The following are commonly recommended tests for leukemia that can help in the accurate diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Treatment Stages of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia is divided into different phases or stages. Each stage or phase may last from a few weeks to several months. ALL patients need to complete all phases of their treatment for better health outcomes.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatments

Here are the different acute leukemia treatments recommended to ALL patients based on the type of ALL, the extent of its spread, the patient’s age, and the patient’s overall health status. The following acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatments may be recommended alone or in combination based on the individual case parameters:

Coping and Support for Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

The acute lymphoblastic leukemia medical procedure can be tedious and daunting. Thus, the patient needs complete support not only from the medical staff but also from the people around them.

Here are some coping and support tips for acute lymphocytic leukemia patients:

Learn enough about leukemia to feel comfortable making treatment decisions

It is advised to get proper knowledge about cancer, its treatment, and the risks involved before moving forward with the procedure. The patient can always ask the doctor and can research different platforms for proper information. This helps the patient make informed health decisions.

Lean on your whole healthcare team

The healthcare team for cancer consists of psycho-oncologists, onco-dietitians, child-life workers, rehabilitation therapists, chaplains, and social workers. These professionals are exclusively trained to build a strong support system for cancer patients. The patients must get comfortable leaning on their healthcare team, as this also contributes to better health outcomes.

Explore programs for children with cancer

There are multiple organizations that come up with special programs for kids diagnosed with cancer. These activities include summer camps, wish-granting programs, and support groups. Exploring these groups can aid in getting the required help from both professionals and other volunteers who support pediatric cancer patients.

Help family and friends understand your situation

It is important for patients to keep their family and friends in the loop and keep communicating with them about their appointments, medications, any setbacks in the treatment, test results, etc. Patients must let their family and friends know they need them around and that they need their help. This helps the people around cancer patients understand the right way to be there for them.


Acute lymphoblastic leukemia spreads quite quickly and often demands immediate medical attention. In many cases, the patients may not experience any alarming symptoms either.

Thus, it is always better to see a doctor when something is not normal. This helps the doctor design an effective line of treatment for the same.

Frequently Asked Questions

Chemotherapy is the first line of treatment for ALL. Chemotherapy is administered in different phases, such as induction, consolidation, and maintenance.

The treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia usually lasts between two and three years.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia curable rates depend on multiple factors. The type of ALL, the extent of the disease's spread, the patient’s age, and their overall health status determine the success rates. Pediatric patients and those diagnosed and treated in the early stages have better survival rates.

The main diagnostic marker for acute leukemia is the presence of blasts, which are immature cells in the bone marrow that do not circulate in the blood.

Yes, it is possible to treat stage 4 leukemia. The treatment goal for these cases would be to delay the disease progression, manage the symptoms, and prolong patient survival.

Yes, ALL can be detected in a blood test. To confirm the findings from the blood test, additional tests, such as a bone marrow examination, immune phenotyping, etc., may be recommended.

Yes, for a few diseases, like ALL, you will have to receive chemotherapy even after achieving remission. The main goal of administering chemotherapy when you are in remission is to prevent cancer from coming back. It is called maintenance therapy, and it may go on for up to 2 years.