Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Symptoms and Causes

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a cancer of the bone marrow and blood, is known to affect white blood cells, which help the body fight off infections. This cancer type spreads quickly and thus gets its name, “acute lymphoblastic leukemia.”

Thus, doctors often recommend keeping an eye on acute lymphoblastic leukemia symptoms, if any, for an early diagnosis. Remember, an early diagnosis implies timely treatment and an increase in survival rates.

Most Common Symptoms of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Here are some of the most common acute leukemia symptoms that a person should keep an eye on and consult a doctor if any of them appear. These signs and symptoms of acute lymphoblastic leukemia should not be ignored and should be checked as soon as possible.

Top 5 Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Causes

Here are some of the potential acute lymphoblastic leukemia causes that can increase one’s risk of developing ALL. The following may answer the question, “What causes acute lymphoblastic leukemia?”

When to see an Oncologist?

It is advisable to see an oncologist if any of the above-mentioned acute leukemia symptoms are persistent and do not go away with medications. Also, most of the acute lymphoblastic leukemia symptoms are similar to those of the flu, which can cause confusion. Thus, if the symptoms do not improve rapidly, it is better to see an oncologist.


Acute lymphocytic leukemia is mostly seen in children, and its symptoms are usually confused with those of the flu. However, it is always advisable to never ignore these symptoms in any case and consult a doctor in case they do not get better with medicine.

Frequently Asked Questions

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia causes the bone marrow to produce immature white blood cells in abnormal quantities. This weakens the immune system significantly, and the patients become more susceptible to infections. At times, the simplest infections can become fatal for ALL patients.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a rapidly growing cancer that can spread throughout the body over a few days or weeks.

According to some studies, stress-related behaviors are found to impact disease progression in ALL patients, and they may also increase the risk of recurrence. However, we do not have enough evidence to conclude that stress is a cause of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Viruses such as T-cell lymphoma/leukemia virus-1 (HTLV-1) and the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) have been associated with an increased risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

The acute leukemia symptoms are quite similar to those of the flu and are often easily ignored. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor if these symptoms are persistent or do not subside with medications.