Bladder Cancer Risk Factors and Prevention Measures

A few lifestyle-related and non-lifestyle-related factors have been identified as bladder cancer risk factors, i.e., being associated with these factors can increase one’s risk of developing bladder cancer. These risk factors do not guarantee a bladder cancer diagnosis and, therefore, are the possible causes of bladder cancer.

It is not possible to achieve 100% bladder cancer prevention as the exact cause is not known. That said, certain measures can reduce its risk and support its early detection.

Bladder Cancer Risk Factors

Some of the bladder cancer risk factors are:

How Can Bladder Cancer be Prevented?

“How to prevent bladder cancer?” is one of the most common questions asked. Although it is not possible to prevent this cancer, one can reduce its risk. Following are some bladder cancer prevention tips:


Bladder cancer risk factors include smoking, older age, male gender, family and medical history of bladder cancer, exposure to toxic chemicals, and history of cancer treatment. Some bladder cancer prevention tips include avoiding smoking, consuming a healthy diet, limiting exposure to toxic chemicals, and drinking plenty of fluids.

Frequently Asked Questions

It is not possible to avoid bladder cancer completely. However, certain bladder cancer prevention measures can reduce its risk.

  • Consuming a balanced diet that is rich in essential nutrients
  • Exercising regularly
  • Refraining from tobacco consumption
  • Keeping oneself well-hydrated

A diet including vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes may help reduce the risk of bladder cancer recurrence.

The lifetime risk for bladder cancer in women is about 1 in 91, while in men, it is 1 in 28.

Physical activity improves overall health and optimizes the function of the immune system, resulting in a reduced risk of bladder cancer. A study found a 15% reduction in the risk of bladder cancer in people with occupational and recreational physical activity.

The survival period after bladder cancer diagnosis depends upon several factors, such as the disease’s stage during the diagnosis, response to treatment, overall health, and underlying medical conditions.

The risk of bladder cancer is higher in men, elderly individuals, people with chronic irritation and infection of the bladder, and people exposed to toxic chemicals.

High-risk bladder cancer refers to bladder cancer that is more likely to recur and spread to different organs in the body. High-risk bladder cancer diagnosis is made after considering multiple factors, such as the type of bladder cancer, the stage at which the disease is diagnosed, and the patient’s overall health condition.