Bone cancer, or bone carcinoma, is a rare yet serious disease that develops in the bones. There are different types of bone cancer, but the most common are Ewing sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and osteosarcoma.
Though bone sarcoma can affect any bone in the body, it usually affects the long bones of the arms and legs or the pelvis. Also, bone cancer symptoms vary depending on the cancer type and the tumor's location in the body.
However, there are some common symptoms for each type of bone cancer. Knowing these symptoms helps in a proper diagnosis of the cancer and affects the treatment adopted as well.
Some types of bone carcinoma affect primarily kids and young adults, while others affect adults more commonly. For example, Osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma affect children and adults, while Chondrosarcoma is commonly found among adults.
Here are some of the signs of bone cancer that are primarily associated with bone carcinoma.
Constant bone pain, usually at night or after some physical activity, is a symptom of cancer in the bone. This kind of bone pain is usually counted among the most common osteosarcoma symptoms.
Swelling and tenderness near the affected area are other common signs of bone cancer. This symptom is often accompanied by a painless lump in the affected area, too.
A weak bone that may become susceptible to fractures even after a minor injury is also counted among common bone cancer symptoms.
Here are some other less-known symptoms of bone sarcoma.
Fatigue is not counted among the specific symptoms of bone cancer but may be prevalent among some patients.
Unusual weight loss without any effort can be a sign of bone cancer. Though it may be caused by other reasons as well, it is also a less common symptom of bone carcinoma.
Fever or chills are not a primary sign of bone cancer, but some patients may experience them. The fever may be a result of certain conditions associated with bone cancer as well, such as infection in the affected part or a complication due to the cancer.
Again, anemia is not considered one of the direct symptoms of bone sarcoma. It is a condition marked by reduced levels of hemoglobin, or red blood cells.
Though the real causes of bone tumors are unknown, there are some factors that may contribute to the development of this cancer.
Inherited genetic syndromes imply conditions inherited by kids from their parents. These syndromes are also regarded as a reason for bone cancer and many other health issues.
Paget's disease of the bone is a disorder that leads to abnormalities in the growth of bone tissues. These abnormalities in the growth of bone tissues are often regarded as one of the potential causes of osteosarcoma.
Radiation therapy is an effective line of treatment for different cancer types. However, overexposure to radiation in cancer treatments poses some risks, including the danger of developing bone cancer.
Since bone cancer's early symptoms may be mistaken for some of the lesser-known health conditions, this can make a bone cancer diagnosis a little difficult. If an individual has been experiencing the bone cancer symptoms mentioned above, it is always advisable to visit the doctor as soon as possible.
The bone tumor's symptoms may vary as per the bone cancer stage and its location. However, just like any other cancer, its early diagnosis is important for a successful treatment procedure. Thus, a clear understanding of the possible causes and risk factors of bone cancer goes a long way toward increasing the survival rate.