Both benign and malignant brain tumors show symptoms; however, they can be mild in the early stages, and therefore, often go unnoticed. As the disease progresses, the symptoms become apparent. The signs and symptoms of brain tumors may vary depending on the type of tumor. In some cases, patients experience some early symptoms of brain tumors, which can lead to early diagnosis and timely treatment.
The following are the important signs and symptoms of brain tumors:
Patients often experience persistent headaches or headaches that worsen over time. These headaches often come along with nausea and vomiting. This is one of the early symptoms of a brain tumor.
Tumors forming in the brain can also lead to seizures wherein uncontrolled electrical activity is observed in the brain. Seizures are characterized by convulsions and abnormal body movements. Seizures are also one of brain tumor’s early symptoms.
Patients with brain tumors also experience paralysis or weakness in one side of the body. This happens when the tumor exerts pressure on the areas that control muscle movements.
Brain tumor patients often experience light-headedness and spinning sensations or feel unsteady.
Vision-related problems are also one of the early symptoms of a brain tumor. Patients experience double vision, blurred vision, and peripheral vision loss. Vision-related problems result from the tumor’s pressure on the optic nerves or areas responsible for visual processing.
Patients with brain tumors close to the auditory nerves, can experience hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and other issues related to hearing.
Numbness in the face or a tingling sensation on one side of the face is also one of the common brain tumor or brain cancer symptoms.
Patients with brain tumors also experience nausea and vomiting, which may or may not be associated with headaches. This is one of the most observed signs of brain tumors.
Sudden mood changes, such as irritability, sadness, lack of motivation, or aggression, could also be a symptom of brain tumors.
These are some of the most commonly observed signs and symptoms of brain tumors in children, teenagers, and adults.
Tumors present in the frontal lobe of the brain exhibit:
Poor concentration, planning, and problem-solving skills
Difficulty walking due to weakness or paralysis in the lower limbs
Changes in personality, mood, and behavior
Problems associated with speech and vision
Loss of smell
Tumors forming in the parietal lobe present with:
Poor spatial awareness
Impaired reading and writing abilities
Loss of sensation in one part of the body
Occipital lobe tumors present with the following symptoms:
Visual problems, such as blurred vision, loss of vision, and difficulty processing the color and size of the object
Temporal lobe tumors can cause:
Speech and hearing-related problems
Auditory hallucinations (hearing voices inside the head)
Brainstem tumors can present with:
Poor coordination and balance
Loss of movement in facial muscles
Changes in breathing
Hampered heart rate regulation
Since pituitary glands are responsible for hormone regulation, tumors that arise from pituitary glands may lead to specific brain tumor symptoms in women.
Hormonal imbalances that cause changes in the menstrual cycle, changes in weight management, sexual dysfunction, growth abnormalities, excessive sweating, thirst, and urination.
We have little information on what exactly causes brain tumors or brain cancer. However, if we are to wonder what causes brain tumors, researchers have found that certain factors can increase the risk of brain tumors.
Certain genetic conditions
Exposure to infections, viruses, and allergens
Home and work exposures
Race and ethnicity
Family history of brain tumors
Head injuries and seizures
These risk factors or possible reasons for brain cancer only increase the chances of a brain tumor or brain cancer diagnosis. Those with the above-mentioned risk factors can be categorized as high-risk individuals, and they should consider talking to a doctor to get a better understanding of the degree of risk they carry and learn the best measures that can help them reduce their brain tumor or brain cancer risk.
Brain tumors are the most common type of solid tumors diagnosed among teenagers. The causes of brain tumors in teenagers may vary, and in most cases, the exact cause is unknown. Also, in the majority of pediatric brain tumor cases, identifiable risk factors are not found, indicating that there could be some undiscovered factors that could serve as potential causes of brain tumors in teenagers. More research is needed to understand the complex etiology of brain tumors in teenagers.
It is easy for brain tumor symptoms to be ignored in children and teenagers as they are always active, and therefore, it is important to pay extra attention when they are not normal. Some of the most common brain tumor symptoms in teenagers include headaches, nausea and vomiting, seizures, dizziness and drowsiness, challenges with vision, hearing, and speech, personality changes, and challenges with balance and coordination.
When one has a high risk of developing brain tumors or is experiencing the signs and symptoms of brain tumors or cancer, it is important to see a doctor.