Endometrial Cancer: Symptoms, Signs and Causes

In most cases, women experience endometrial cancer symptoms in the early stages. Therefore, it is easy to catch this cancer in its early stages and receive appropriate treatment.

Who is Mainly Affected by Endometrial Cancer?

Endometrial cancer may occur in any woman, with or without the underlying known risk factors. However, some women are more vulnerable to developing endometrial cancer, such as women with higher levels of estrogen, early menstruation, and late menopause, older age, underlying medical conditions such as Lynch syndrome and obesity, those who have never been pregnant, and those who have received hormone therapy for breast cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer

The most commonly observed endometrial cancer symptoms include:

Endometrial Cancer Type & Its Symptoms

Symptoms of different types of endometrial (uterine) cancer are:

What is Endometrial cancer caused by?

Some of the possible endometrial cancer causes include:

When to see an Oncologist?

It is important to consult an oncologist if symptoms like painful intercourse, unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, irregular vaginal bleeding, bleeding between periods, bleeding after menopause, and gastrointestinal issues are observed persistently. It is important to note that other gynecological cancers also show similar symptoms, and therefore, a proper evaluation helps in arriving at a conclusive diagnosis.


The signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer include pelvic and abdominal pain, painful intercourse, bloating, constipation, irregular bleeding, bleeding between periods, post-menopausal bleeding, and unexplained weight loss. The possible endometrial cancer causes include obesity, diabetes, ovarian dysfunction, family history, late menopause, older age, never getting pregnant, and excessive exposure to estrogen.

Frequently Asked Questions

Some of the common symptoms of endometrial cancer include pelvic pain, pain after intercourse, changes in the menstrual cycle, abnormal vaginal discharge, unintended weight loss, fatigue, and bloating.

Endometriosis cysts may increase the risk of certain cancers, such as ovarian cancer.

Excessive exposure to estrogen is one of the biggest risk factors for endometrial cancer. Excessive exposure to estrogen may occur due to diabetes, obesity, ovarian dysfunction, or hormone therapy.

Some types of endometrial cancers are aggressive and fast-growing. These include uterine serous cancer and uterine carcinosarcoma.

Endometrial cancer is among the most common cancers in women.

It depends upon the type of endometrial cancer. Some endometrial cancer types grow rapidly, while some grow at a slower rate. It may also vary from one patient to another. There are type 1 and type 2 endometrial cancers, of which, type 1 endometrial cancer is more common and has a slow growth rate, and type 2 endometrial cancer is less common and has a rapid growth rate.

In stage 3, endometrial cancer would have spread to fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and vagina, along with the nearby lymph nodes.

The commonly observed endometrial cancer symptoms in stage 3 patients include abnormal bleeding, severe pain and discomfort, hampered menstrual cycles, tiredness, sudden weight loss, and difficulty urinating.