Prostate Cancer Prevention Measures and Risk Factors

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among Indian men. Learning about the different factors that increase or decrease one’s prostate cancer risk is important, as this helps one gauge their prostate cancer risk and manage it appropriately.

What are Prostate Cancer Risk Factors?

From studies conducted over the years, we have identified a few factors that can increase the risk of prostate cancer. Some risk factors are modifiable, while others are not. Modifiable risk factors are mostly lifestyle-related, i.e., one may alter the risk associated with that factor by making certain changes to their lifestyle. Non-modifiable factors, on the other hand, are those that cannot be controlled, and the risk that comes with these factors cannot be modified.

Prostate Cancer: How to Prevent

There is no known way to prevent prostate cancer. This is because we do not know the exact cause of prostate cancer. However, there are certain measures that can lower prostate cancer risk in men. In other words, these measures can increase the chances of prostate cancer prevention.


Learning about different risk factors associated with prostate cancer and following appropriate prostate cancer prevention measures can help men reduce their prostate cancer risk significantly. Having healthy lifestyle habits and undergoing regular screening play a key role in reducing prostate cancer risk in men.

Frequently Asked Questions

It is not possible to prevent or avoid prostate cancer completely; nonetheless, it is possible to reduce its risk with the help of certain preventive measures:

  • Consuming a balanced diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Refraining from tobacco and alcohol
  • Undergoing prostate cancer screening
  • Limiting exposure to harmful chemicals

Consumption of cruciferous vegetables and antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables has been found to help reduce prostate cancer risk.

Consumption of tomatoes, cabbages, cauliflower, broccoli, watermelon, papaya, guava, etc., may help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

Many studies over the years have reported that consuming a plant-based or vegetarian diet can reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Some studies suggest the consumption of fish, which is an important lean protein source, may also have a protective effect against prostate cancer.

Those who consume red meat and processed meat, on the other hand, are found to have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer.

Drinking enough water positively impacts prostate health. Water helps flush out various toxins, which may lead to inflammation and increase prostate cancer risk.

Also, the consumption of beverages that are rich in antioxidants, namely hibiscus tea and green tea, may also help prevent oxidative damage and thereby reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

Consuming a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and refraining from tobacco and alcohol consumption are some of the measures that you can take at home to reduce your prostate cancer risk.

Yes, men of African-American ethnicity have a high risk of prostate cancer development.

There is no known way to avoid prostate cancer completely. However, certain measures like practicing a healthy lifestyle, refraining from tobacco and alcohol consumption, and undergoing regular screening can help reduce the risks of prostate cancer.

No supplement can prevent prostate cancer. However, certain supplements, especially those rich in antioxidants, may help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.