Prostate Cancer : Symptoms and Causes

In the early stages, prostate cancer may not show any symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, patients start experiencing various symptoms. Regular screening helps in catching prostate cancer even before the symptoms become apparent.

It is important to learn the different signs and symptoms of prostate cancer and the possible causes of prostate cancer for its accurate detection and timely management.

Who is Mainly Affected by Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among Indian men. Prostate cancer risk increases with age; men over the age of 50 have a higher risk of developing this condition. Along with this, those with poor lifestyle habits like smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, and a positive family history of prostate cancer, also have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer.

What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

In the early stages, prostate cancer is localized and can only be detected through screening tests. Many patients may not experience any symptoms at all. Patients start experiencing prostate cancer symptoms as the disease progresses to advanced stages.

The following are the most important prostate cancer symptoms one must keep an eye on:

Causes of Prostate Cancer

Understanding the possible causes of prostate cancer is essential for prevention. Potentially, prostate cancer is caused by the following factors:

When to See an Oncologist?

If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned earlier, especially persistent urinary issues, pain, or unexplained weight loss, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional. An oncologist or urologist can evaluate your symptoms, perform necessary tests, and provide guidance on further steps.


Prostate cancer is a significant health concern, but with awareness, early detection, and understanding of the risk factors and symptoms, it can be managed effectively. Regular check-ups and a healthy lifestyle are crucial for prevention and early intervention.

Frequently Asked Questions

Prostate cancer can cause urinary symptoms when it presses against the urethra or interferes with the normal function of the prostate gland, affecting urinary flow and leading to frequent urination.

Prostate cancer can occur at any age, but the risk increases significantly after the age of 50. Regular screenings are recommended, especially for men in their 50s and older.

Prostate cancer itself does not typically cause stomach issues. However, advanced prostate cancer that has spread to other organs may lead to various symptoms, including digestive problems.

Men over the age of 50, individuals with a family history of prostate cancer, and certain ethnic groups, such as African-American men, are at a higher risk.

Prostate cancer that has metastasized to the bones can lead to bone pain, including pain in the legs. It's essential to consult a healthcare professional if you experience such symptoms.

In stage 1, most patients may not experience any symptoms of prostate cancer. However, some of the earliest symptoms of prostate cancer in men include problems with urination, blood in the urine, and pain.