Testicular Cancer: Symptoms, Signs and Causes

Who is Mainly Affected by Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer may affect any male. However, some people are at increased risk of developing this condition. These include people between the ages of 15 and 45. The testicular cancer risk is also high among whites who have a family history of testicular cancer or suffer from cryptorchidism (undescended testicles). People with other medical conditions, such as HIV infection and carcinoma in situ in the testicles, are more likely to get testicular cancer. Further, people with testicular cancer in one testicle are at higher risk of developing it in another testicle.

What are the Common Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer?

Patients usually ask about what are the symptoms of testicular cancer. The common symptoms of testicular cancer are:

Testicular Cancer Type & its Symptoms

Following are the symptoms of various types of testicular cancer:

What are the Common Causes of Testicular Cancer?

The possible testicular cancer causes are:

When to See an Oncologist?

Patients should consult with oncologists in cases of pain or discomfort in the scrotum, fluid accumulation, breast tenderness, a feeling of fullness in the groin, lower back pain, and nausea and vomiting.


Commonly observed testicular cancer symptoms include a dull pain in the groin or scrotum, a feeling of heaviness and discomfort, fluid build-up, swelling of testicles, and breast tenderness. Lower back pain, nausea, and vomiting are usually stage 3 testicular cancer symptoms. The possible testicular cancer causes are age, undescended testicles, infertility, intersex variations, cannabis use, family history, and HIV infection.

Frequently Asked Questions

Most people do not experience early signs of testicular cancer. Symptoms, if present, include a small lump or swollen testicles.

Undescended testicles are probably the most significant risk for testicular cancer.

Testicular cancer starts in the cells of the testicles, most commonly in the germ cells.

Testicular cancer is relatively rare and accounts for only about 1% of total cancers in males.

Testicular cancer is not painful during its early stages. Pain starts as the cancer progresses to an advanced stage.