Bronchial Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment - A Detailed Guide

Bronchial Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment

Doctors recommend multiple tests for an accurate bronchial cancer diagnosis. Along with helping specialists arrive at a conclusive diagnosis, these tests also help in personalized treatment planning, treatment response monitoring, and relapse evaluation. Once the disease is diagnosed and staged, a personalized treatment plan is devised, which may be unimodal or multimodal. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy are commonly recommended for bronchial tumor treatment.

Medical History and Physical Examination

One of the first steps in bronchial cancer diagnosis is obtaining detailed information about the patient's medical history and conducting a physical examination to assess symptoms and potential risk factors. If the observations indicate bronchial cancer, further tests will be recommended for a conclusive diagnosis.

Imaging Tests

Imaging tests help specialists obtain detailed images of the internal structures and determine various tumor parameters, such as the size of the tumor, its shape, and its exact location, along with the extent of its spread. This information can help specialists in the staging of bronchial cancer, treatment planning, response monitoring, and relapse evaluation. The following are the different imaging tests recommended for bronchial cancer diagnosis.


Bronchoscopy is a form of endoscopic procedure recommended for bronchial cancer diagnosis. During this procedure, a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera (bronchoscope) is inserted through the nose or mouth into the airways, allowing visualization of the bronchial passages.


A biopsy is recommended for a conclusive bronchial cancer diagnosis. Various biopsy techniques may be employed to obtain tissue samples for examination and confirmation of malignancy.

Blood Tests

Blood samples may be analyzed to detect certain molecular markers associated with lung cancer. Also, blood tests may be recommended to assess the liver and kidney functions and the levels of various blood cells.

Lung Function Tests

Lung function tests are recommended to assess lung capacity and function to understand the impact of tumor growth on respiratory health.

Genetic Testing

Genetic testing involves examining the DNA structure of cancer cells to look for specific mutations or gene alterations that may have led to the formation of bronchial tumors. This information helps in personalized treatment planning, assessing familial risk, and understanding the disease prognosis.

What are the Effective Bronchial Tumor Treatments?

Bronchial tumor treatment will often require a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach wherein specialists from different disciplines go through the case information carefully before creating a treatment plan. Specialists consider various factors, such as the tumor type, stage and grade of the tumor, the patient’s age, and the patient’s overall health condition, before starting the treatment. The following are various options available for bronchial tumor treatment:


Surgery is the first-line treatment in bronchial tumor management, particularly in cases where the tumor is localized or is in its early stages. Depending on the tumor stage, location, and overall health of the patient, different types of surgery may be recommended:


Chemotherapy is one of the commonly recommended bronchial tumor treatment options. This treatment approach involves the administration of powerful drugs that attack cancer cells or slow down cancer growth. It is commonly used for bronchial tumors that have spread outside the lungs. It may be recommended in combination with other treatments, such as surgery and radiation therapy.

Chemotherapy for bronchial tumors may be administered orally or intravenously.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is a non-invasive form of bronchial tumor treatment that involves the usage of high-intensity radiation beams to target and destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy helps in shrinking the tumor, destroying residual cancer cells, and alleviating symptoms associated with advanced-stage cancers. Radiation therapy for bronchial tumors can be administered in two ways: external beam radiation therapy and internal beam radiation therapy.

During external beam radiation therapy, the radiation is delivered from an external radiation source, which is a linear accelerator. During internal beam radiation therapy, or brachytherapy, the radiation source (radioactive material) is placed inside or very close to the tumor. This source emits radiation that destroys cancer cells in the bronchus.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy is a new-age treatment for bronchial cancer management. This treatment approach specifically identifies molecules and cellular pathways involved in tumor growth and administers drugs to disrupt them and control cancer growth. As the name says, this treatment only targets the cancer cells, not the normal ones. The information from the patient’s genetic and molecular profiling is used to chart their targeted therapy.

Targeted therapy is highly recommended in cases where the tumor expresses specific tumor markers or molecular markers.


Immunotherapy is another latest bronchial tumor treatment approach. It involves re-engineering the immune system and stimulating it to identify and attack cancer cells. Different drugs administered as a part of immunotherapy include checkpoint inhibitors and cytokines. Immunotherapy is often administered along with other treatments.

Why Choose HCG for Bronchial Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment?

As one of the leading cancer treatment hospitals in India, HCG is equipped with all modern diagnostic and treatment facilities to support effective bronchial tumor management. Supported by a robust team comprising globally-trained specialists and caring and compassionate nursing and administrative staff, HCG offers value-based and patient-centric care to patients diagnosed with bronchial cancer and helps them recover and return to the best state of health possible.


If detected early, bronchial tumors can be treated and managed effectively with excellent clinical outcomes. Different tests recommended for bronchial cancer diagnosis include sputum cytology, imaging tests, bronchoscopy, and biopsies. Along with the diagnosis, these tests also help determine the exact location of the tumor, its stage, and its grade. This information helps specialists chart an individualized care plan, which is important for better disease management and faster recovery. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy are the different bronchial tumor treatment options.

Frequently Asked Questions

Early-stage bronchial tumors are often asymptomatic. As the disease progresses, the commonly observed symptoms of these tumors include persistent coughing, chest pain, and breathlessness. When these symptoms last over 2 weeks, one must see a doctor for a proper evaluation.

There is no standard protocol for bronchial tumor screening. However, those identified as high-risk individuals are recommended to undergo regular check-ups and scans for early detection. Modern imaging technologies, such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs, help in detecting potential anomalies within the lungs, prompting specialists to devise appropriate medical interventions.

Specialists recommend multiple tests while diagnosing lung tumors. The diagnosis typically starts with an assessment of the patient’s physical health and medical history. If the patient is suspected to have a lung tumor, further tests, such as an X-ray scan, bronchoscopy, CT scan, and biopsy, are recommended for a definitive diagnosis. Some of these tests also help specialists determine the stage and grade of the tumor. Upon arriving at a conclusive diagnosis, specialists will chart an individualized bronchial tumor treatment plan.

Yes, a CT scan is a highly effective tool for detecting a lung tumor. It helps detect both benign and malignant abnormalities, such as nodules, masses, and tumors. A CT scan is capable of creating detailed, 3D cross-sectional images of the lungs and providing details such as the exact size of the tumor, its location, the extent of the tumor’s spread, etc., which serve as crucial parameters during the staging and treatment planning phases.

Not all bronchial tumors grow rapidly. Some have a slower growth rate. The growth rate of bronchial tumors depends on multiple factors, namely the type of tumor, the molecular characteristics, and the overall health of the patient.