Ewing Sarcoma Diagnosis and Treatment - A Detailed Guide

Ewing sarcoma diagnosis is done through several techniques. Ewing sarcoma therapy options include radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The Ewing sarcoma cancer survival rate depends upon the stage of the disease, organs affected, and response to treatment.

Procedures or Tests for Ewing Sarcoma Diagnosis

The procedure or tests for an Ewing sarcoma diagnosis are:

Medical History and Physical Examination

The patients should consult the doctors if they experience persistent pain, swelling, and joint stiffness, especially when the pain worsens at night. The doctor may perform a comprehensive medical evaluation to determine the cause of the symptoms. The patients may be asked about any recent falls or trauma that may have caused the symptoms. The patients may also be asked about the unexplained weight loss and recent fever, as these are also symptoms of Ewing sarcoma, particularly in advanced stages. The doctor may also evaluate the patient's respiratory health to detect pleural signs or asymmetric breath sounds. Purpura or petechiae due to thrombocytopenia, if present, are evaluated.

Imaging Tests

Clinicians face challenges in Ewing sarcoma diagnosis due to the presence of similar symptoms in benign bone lesions and pseudotumoral lesions. The initial staging of the disease, the biopsy, the choice of therapy, and follow-up care depend upon the results of the imaging techniques. Clinicians take extra care while choosing the suitable imaging technique for an accurate diagnosis and optimal treatment.

Blood Test

Although blood tests do not diagnose Ewing sarcoma, they provide valuable information about the patient's health. In some cases, blood tests also inform about the spread of Ewing sarcoma to other organs, such as the liver or kidneys, by detecting the levels of various substances in the blood.


A biopsy is a technique that involves obtaining the samples suspected of Ewing sarcoma and analyzing the samples in the laboratory to confirm the presence of malignant cells. There are two methods for obtaining the samples.

What are the Effective Ewing Sarcoma Treatments?

Once the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma is confirmed and the disease is staged, specialists chart a personalized care plan that comprises various treatment approaches. The following are the different Ewing sarcoma treatments recommended:

Why Choose HCG for Ewing Sarcoma Diagnosis and Treatment?

Diagnosis and management of Ewing sarcoma are challenging and require modern techniques and state-of-the-art treatment facilities for a favorable prognosis. HCG Center has excellent diagnostic and treatment facilities that provide a one-stop solution for patients with Ewing sarcoma. The hospital is equipped with imaging facilities, including bone scans. Medical and surgical oncologists are experts in performing complex surgeries related to Ewing sarcoma with a high success rate.


Tests available for Ewing sarcoma diagnosis include medical history and physical evaluation, imaging tests, blood tests, and biopsy. The Ewing sarcoma treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Frequently Asked Questions

The complications of Ewing sarcoma treatment depend on the type of treatment. For instance, surgery may cause tissue loss, while chemotherapy results in hair loss and fatigue. Radiation therapy has skin-related side effects. However, most of these side effects are temporary and can be managed with medication and post-treatment care.

Surgery may not always be required or may not be the cure for Ewing sarcoma. Other treatment options, like chemotherapy and radiation therapy, may manage Ewing sarcoma in cases where surgery is not possible.

The duration of treatment depends on the disease stage and the overall health of the patient.

Several symptoms of Ewing sarcoma, such as pain and stiffness, overlap with those of other common conditions, making its diagnosis challenging.

The cure of Stage 4 Ewing sarcoma depends on the location of metastases, the patient’s age, overall health, and response to treatment.

The length of Ewing sarcoma chemotherapy depends on the stage of the disease and the overall patient's health.

As Ewing sarcoma is highly sensitive to high-energy radiation, Ewing sarcoma radiation therapy is effective in treating the disease. Evidence suggests that radiation therapy may improve the Ewing sarcoma life expectancy.