Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment - A Detailed Guide

Ovarian cancer always needs a comprehensive care approach that involves high-end diagnostic tests and modern treatment approaches. These help in the effective management of the disease and improve the quality of life of patients.

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

Diagnosing ovarian cancer typically involves a series of medical evaluations and tests to confirm the presence of cancer and determine its stage. The following are the different procedures and tests used for ovarian cancer diagnosis:

Blood Test

Blood tests, including CA-125 (cancer antigen 125), can measure specific markers that are often elevated in ovarian cancer. While CA-125 is not definitive for diagnosis, it can be a useful tool in conjunction with other tests. For the diagnosis of ovarian cancer, blood tests are often recommended along with other tests.

Surgical Evaluation

Surgical evaluation involves performing invasive forms of test for ovarian cancer

Genetic Testing

If there's a family history of ovarian cancer or if one tests positive for certain genetic mutations (e.g., BRCA1 and BRCA2), genetic testing may be recommended. Genetic testing can help assess the risk of ovarian cancer and guide treatment decisions.

Effective Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Ovarian cancer treatment, or ovarian tumor treatment, options depend on several factors, including the cancer's stage, type, and the patient's overall health. Here are the main modalities used in the treatment of ovarian cancer:


Surgery is a fundamental component of ovarian tumor treatment and is often the initial approach. The extent of ovarian cancer surgery varies based on the cancer's stage:


Supportive (palliative) care

Supportive care, or palliative care, is recommended in advanced or terminal stages when there are no chances to treat or manage rectal cancer effectively. Palliative care primarily focuses on easing the symptoms associated with advanced rectal cancer and improving the quality of life for patients.

Why Choose HCG for Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment?

HCG is a renowned healthcare institution dedicated to providing comprehensive and compassionate care to individuals with ovarian cancer. Our multidisciplinary team of specialists, including gynecologic oncologists, radiologists, and oncology nurses, collaborates to ensure the best possible outcomes for our patients.

At HCG, we offer state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities, advanced treatment options, and personalized care plans tailored to each patient's unique needs. Our commitment to research and clinical trials allows us to stay at the forefront of ovarian cancer treatment, offering our patients access to the latest therapies and innovations.

Frequently Asked Questions

Preparing for an ovarian cancer diagnosis appointment involves gathering your medical history information, writing down any symptoms or concerns, and bringing a list of questions for your healthcare provider. It's important to be open and honest about your symptoms and medical history, as this is important for arriving at an accurate diagnosis.

The most common treatment for ovarian cancer is surgery, which may involve the removal of one or both ovaries and, in some cases, the uterus. Chemotherapy is often administered before or after surgery, depending on the cancer's stage and type.

The success rate of curing ovarian cancer depends on factors such as the cancer stage at diagnosis, the type of ovarian cancer, and the effectiveness of treatment. Early-stage ovarian cancer has a better prognosis than that in advanced stages.

Chemotherapy can be used at various stages of ovarian cancer treatment. It may be administered before surgery (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) to shrink tumors, after surgery to target remaining cancer cells, or in cases of advanced or recurrent cancer.

Ovarian cancer is challenging to diagnose early because its symptoms are often vague and easily mistaken for other conditions. Additionally, there are no routine ovarian cancer screening tests as effective as those for some other cancers, making early detection more difficult.

The most accurate tests for ovarian cancer diagnosis typically involve a combination of medical history review, physical examination, pelvic ultrasound, and blood tests for ovarian cancer, including the CA-125 test. A definitive diagnosis often requires surgical evaluation and biopsy.

Side effects of ovarian cancer treatment can vary depending on the type of treatment used but may include fatigue, nausea, hair loss, and changes in blood counts. Specific side effects can be discussed with your healthcare provider.

Managing treatment-related side effects involves open communication with your healthcare team. They can provide medications, lifestyle recommendations, and supportive care to help alleviate side effects and improve your quality of life during treatment.

Ovarian cancer treatment, particularly surgery to remove both ovaries, can impact fertility. If fertility preservation is a concern, it's essential to discuss options with your healthcare provider before starting treatment. These options may include egg or embryo freezing.

For the detection and diagnosis of early-stage ovarian cancer, ultrasound may be one of the tests recommended. However, along with this, various other tests are done for a definitive diagnosis.

There are various diagnostic tests available for ovarian cancer detection, and the commonly recommended ones include ultrasound, biopsy, blood tests, and imaging tests.