Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment - A Detailed Guide

Pancreatic cancer diagnosis is done using various tests. It is important to diagnose pancreatic cancer accurately, as treatment plans are devised based on this information. Today, we have modern treatment facilities available for pancreatic cancer, which are helping in the effective management of the condition.

Procedures or Tests for Pancreatic Cancer Diagnosis

The first step in pancreatic cancer diagnosis involves a physical examination and medical history assessment. When an individual presents with symptoms that indicate pancreatic cancer, the doctor examines the patient to understand the cause of those symptoms. If the doctor suspects pancreatic cancer, additional tests will follow.

Medical history and physical examination

The first and essential step toward pancreatic cancer diagnosis is knowing about the person's medical history and physical examination.Along with physically examining the patient, the patient’s medical history is also discussed in detail. This helps doctors understand the possible causes of symptoms.

Blood Tests

Blood tests are usually important for pancreatic cancer diagnosis because they provide essential information about the cancer stage and also help in determining effective treatment options. Some blood tests are used to look for tumor markers, such as CA-19-9 and CEA. One must note that having these tumor markers does not always indicate pancreatic cancer. Therefore, additional tests, like imaging scans, are recommended for a conclusive diagnosis.

Imaging Tests

Another set of tests for the diagnosis and staging of pancreatic cancer includes imaging tests. These imaging tests are used for visualizing the detailed pancreas, nearby tissues and structures, and any kind of abnormality.


For a definitive diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, a biopsy is recommended. A biopsy refers to the removal of a small sample of tissue from the pancreas and its examination under the microscope for the presence of cancerous cells.

Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA)

Fine needle aspiration, or FNA, is a common biopsy method in which a hollow and thin needle is inserted into the skin to collect a sample of tissues from the pancreas.

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a diagnostic test used for the evaluation of pancreatic samples. During this procedure, a tube with a camera on its tip is passed through the patient's mouth into the stomach and duodenum, and then into the pancreatic and bile ducts. This helps the doctors view any kind of abnormality or blockage in the pancreas. During this procedure, the doctor may also collect a tissue sample for further examination; therefore, this procedure is also known as an ERCP biopsy.


Laparoscopy is another invasive diagnostic test for pancreatic cancer that involves the insertion of a flexible and thin tube with a camera and a light into the body. This procedure helps the specialists examine the structures of the pancreas for abnormalities.


Once the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is confirmed, pancreatic cancer staging is done. Staging is a process that aids in examining the tumor and determining the extent of the spread of the cancer and its severity. Based on these factors, pancreatic cancer is categorized into stages 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4. This helps the doctors get relevant information about the patient's prognosis and design an effective treatment plan.

What are the Most Effective Pancreatic Cancer Treatments?

Designing an effective pancreatic cancer treatment involves different aspects, such as the tumor's location, the patient's overall health, the possibility of removing the cancer or not, and the cancer's stage.


A surgical procedure for pancreatic cancer is considered to be an effective pancreatic cancer treatment. The doctors go for surgery when the tumor is localized and can be removed completely.

Why choose HCG for pancreatic cancer diagnosis and treatment?

Selecting the right healthcare facility for pancreatic cancer diagnosis and treatment plays an essential role in determining its success rate. Thus, experts often recommend selecting a hospital that can help patients receive holistic care when it comes to pancreatic cancer treatment. As a leading pancreatic cancer hospital in India, HCG stands out from the crowd with its high-end treatment facilities and clinical expertise and helps pancreatic cancer patients receive the highest quality care.


The key to effective management of pancreatic cancer lies in accurate pancreatic cancer diagnosis and timely treatment. It is important for patients to not ignore any symptoms and see a doctor if anything alarming is observed. There are various options available for the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer, which help doctors administer care that is both patient-centric and personalized.

Frequently Asked Questions

There are numerous tests available for the detection and diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Commonly recommended tests for pancreatic cancer include imaging tests, biopsy, endoscopy, and blood tests.

There is no such thing as a pancreatic cancer cure at this moment. However, if this condition is diagnosed in its early stages and timely treatment is given, the patients may have better health outcomes.

The left side of the pancreas, which is the tail of the pancreas, is removed during distal pancreatectomy.

Yes, pancreatic cancer can come back even after successful treatment, which is known as cancer recurrence. Therefore, it is important for patients to keep up their follow-up appointments after their pancreatic cancer treatment.

Living a full life after pancreatic cancer is possible, depending on factors such as the stage at which pancreatic cancer is diagnosed and treated, the treatment administered, the treatment response shown by the patient, and the patient's overall health.

Those diagnosed and treated in the early stages have a better prognosis, than those treated in the advanced stages.

The field of pancreatic cancer diagnosis and treatment is continuously evolving and undergoing changes, and new approaches are being introduced with time. The latest treatments available for pancreatic cancer include targeted therapy and immunotherapy.

The symptoms of pancreatic cancer are often confused with those of many non-serious diseases, and therefore, the early detection of pancreatic cancer is challenging.

However, regular health checkups may help catch pancreatic cancer in its early stages.

The treatment for stage 4 pancreatic cancer depends on factors such as the patient's health, the organs to which the pancreatic cancer has metastasized, and the patient’s overall health status. The commonly recommended treatments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and palliative care.

Effective pancreatic adenocarcinoma treatment takes into consideration factors such as the cancer's stage, the patient's health, and the possibility of the tumor's resectability. Various pancreatic adenocarcinoma treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and more.