Diagnosis and New Treatment for Rectal Cancer- HCG

At HCG, our specialists opt for a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach while planning treatment for rectal cancer. This helps our specialists have a thorough understanding of the case, which is extremely important for them to devise a personalized treatment plan. The more personalized the cancer care is, the better the health outcome.

How Rectal Cancer Diagnosis is Carried Out?

There are a myriad of tests available for rectal cancer diagnosis. Initially, when patients present with symptoms, doctors recommend a detailed physical examination and medical history assessment. The physical exam and the medical history evaluation help doctors understand the possible causes of the symptoms and recommend additional rectal cancer tests to arrive at a definitive diagnosis.

The answer to the question, “How to diagnose rectal cancer?” or “How is rectal cancer detected?” lies in the following tests:

Using a scope to examine the inside of your colon and rectum (colonoscopy)

A colonoscopy is a non-invasive diagnostic test recommended for rectal cancer diagnosis. This is one of the first tests recommended when an individual is suspected of having rectal cancer.

During this procedure, a long and slender tube (endoscope), which carries a light source, a camera, and specialized instruments, is inserted through the anus to examine the cavities of the colon and rectum. This rectal cancer test helps doctors look for the presence of cancerous polyps and other signs of cancer in the rectum.

Removing a sample of tissue for testing (biopsy)

Another common test recommended for rectal cancer diagnosis is a biopsy. A biopsy involves the removal of a small piece of tissue from the suspected area and its examination under a microscope for the presence of cancer cells. A biopsy is mostly recommended for the conclusive diagnosis of rectal cancer.

Tests to Look for Rectal Cancer Spread

Once the rectal cancer diagnosis is confirmed, further tests are recommended to determine the extent of the disease. These tests help doctors find out if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

What are the Different Treatments for Rectal Cancer?

Significant advancements have happened in the field of rectal cancer management, and therefore, we have multiple rectal cancer treatment options today.

Depending on the stage of the disease, its grade, the patient’s age, and their overall health status, the expert team will devise a personalized treatment plan. Different treatment approaches available for rectal cancer include:


The surgical management of rectal cancer involves the removal of the tumor and a small portion of healthy tissue that surrounds it (the margin). Surgery is often the first line of treatment for rectal cancer. Also, surgery is often recommended in combination with radiation therapy or chemotherapy for better treatment outcomes.


Supportive (palliative) care

Supportive care, or palliative care, is recommended in advanced or terminal stages when there are no chances to treat or manage rectal cancer effectively. Palliative care primarily focuses on easing the symptoms associated with advanced rectal cancer and improving the quality of life for patients.

Vital Support and Coping Strategies for Rectal Cancer Patients

Rectal cancer management is more than just its treatment. Rectal cancer patients often need assurance, support, and guidance in navigating through their cancer journey. The following are a few things that can help patients during their rectal cancer treatment:

How to Treat Recurrent Rectal Cancer

Recurrent rectal cancer, whether locally or in distant areas, demands a comprehensive and personalized treatment approach. Recurrences are managed through multiple treatment approaches, such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation for rectal cancer, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.

Local Recurrence

Local recurrent rectal cancer refers to the reappearance of cancer cells in or close to the original tumor location. Local recurrence is often managed with surgery, radiation for rectal cancer, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy, depending on individual case parameters.

Distant Recurrence

Distant recurrent rectal cancer refers to the reappearance of cancer in distant organs in the body. Distant recurrences are often treated with systemic therapies, like personalized immunotherapy and targeted therapy.

Biofeedback Cancer Rehabilitation Therapy for Rectal Cancer

Biofeedback cancer rehabilitation therapy for rectal cancer refers to the patient-centric rehabilitation approach that is focused on enhancing recovery and improving the quality of life. Comprehensive rehabilitation programs often involve biofeedback techniques that help patients regain control over their bodily functions, manage treatment-related side effects, and enhance their overall well-being.

Benefits of Biofeedback Cancer Rehabilitation

Opting for biofeedback cancer rehabilitation therapy can help cancer patients in multiple ways:

How to Prepare for Your Appointment

The following are important things to keep in mind while preparing for a doctor’s appointment:

Factors that Affect Prognosis (Chance of Recovery) and Treatment Options

In rectal cancer management, multiple factors affect or decide the disease prognosis. These factors are also taken into account while devising the treatment plan for rectal cancer. The following are the important factors that specialists consider for effective rectal cancer management:

What Are the Complications of Rectal Cancer Treatment?

Side effects associated with rectal cancer treatment vary from patient to patient. It may also depend on the type of cancer treatment given.

  • Rectal Cancer Surgery: Bleeding, wound healing issues, and infections
  • Chemotherapy for Rectal Cancer: Fatigue, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss, and infections due to weakened immunity
  • Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer: Diarrhea, bladder problems, rectal pain, fertility problems, skin problems, and fatigue

Most of these side effects go away sometime after the treatment, and the severity may vary from mild to moderate. However, in rare cases, these side effects can be severe, and in such cases, patients must talk to their expert team for appropriate medical attention.

Why Choose HCG for Rectal Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment?

Choosing the right cancer hospital for the diagnosis and treatment of rectal cancer is an important decision. As a leading rectal cancer treatment hospital, HCG uses a multidisciplinary approach, wherein specialists from multiple disciplines come together to study each case thoroughly, understand the diagnosis properly, and devise a treatment plan accordingly.

Our care approach is patient-centric and personalized, through which we put our patient’s comfort and well-being above everything. We employ modern technologies and treatment approaches like robotic surgery, CyberKnife, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, etc., to treat and manage rectal cancer effectively and improve the survival rates and quality of life for rectal cancer patients.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, it is possible to fully recover from rectal cancer, provided it is diagnosed in its early stages. In the early stages, the disease is localized and confined to the rectum only. This makes it easy for the specialists to plan the treatment that is going to remove it completely.

Also, it is important to adhere to the follow-up guidelines given by the expert team after the treatment. Follow-up care plays a significant role in reducing the risk of recurrences and detecting them in their early stages.

The field of rectal cancer management is advancing rapidly, and today we have many new treatments for rectal cancer, new treatment combinations, new drugs, etc.

The latest treatments available for rectal cancer include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and precision medicine. These approaches personalize rectal tumor treatment and help treat the disease effectively.

The success rates of rectal cancer treatment depend on numerous factors. The type of rectal cancer, the disease stage, the exact location of the tumor, the patient’s age, the patient’s overall health condition, and the treatment response shown by the patient.

It is important to note that if the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, the success rates are excellent. However, the success rates may start declining as the disease advances.

The number of chemotherapy cycles required for rectal cancer depends on a myriad of factors. The disease stage, the tumor grade, the patient’s age, the patient’s overall health condition, other treatments administered along with chemotherapy, etc.

Before chemotherapy, the expert team will have a detailed discussion with the patient and their caregivers on the number of cycles of chemotherapy and their frequency.

No, rectal cancer is not difficult to detect. However, one must not ignore the signs and symptoms that point toward rectal cancer. Some of the important symptoms of rectal cancer include rectal bleeding, blood in stools, narrow stools, diarrhea, constipation, rectal pain, fatigue, etc.

If any of these symptoms last for more than two weeks, it is important to see a doctor immediately.

In general, rectal cancer is a slow-growing cancer. However, its growth rate is determined by a myriad of factors, such as the type of rectal cancer, the patient’s age, and the patient's overall health condition.

No, it is not possible to check yourself for rectal cancer at home. However, you can look for signs and symptoms of rectal cancer, which are rectal bleeding, blood in stools, changed bowel habits, and rectal pain. If these symptoms are persistent, you have to see a doctor.

There are multiple treatment approaches available for rectal cancer. Depending on the individual case factors, treatment for rectal cancer may comprise surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy.

Thanks to the advanced treatment facilities available today, rectal cancer can be cured. However, the success rates largely depend on the disease stage. The earlier the diagnosis, the better the clinical outcomes. Being mindful of different rectal cancer symptoms and opting for rectal cancer screening can play important roles in the successful management of rectal cancer.

No, rectal cancer symptoms are almost the same in men and women. However, the severity may vary from patient to patient.