Vaginal Cancer Risk Factors and Prevention Measures

Certain women are more susceptible to vaginal cancer than others. This is because they carry a higher risk due to their association with certain factors. It is possible to modify one’s vaginal cancer risk by adopting certain lifestyle changes. While these measures can help bring down one’s risk of developing vaginal cancer, they do not prevent it.

Most Common Vaginal Cancer Risk Factors

Various factors contribute to the increased risk of vaginal cancer. Some factors are lifestyle-related and are modifiable, while others are not related to the lifestyle and therefore are not modifiable. The following are the important vaginal cancer risk factors:

How to Prevent Vaginal Cancer?

100% vaginal cancer prevention is not possible. This is because we do not know the exact cause of this cancer type. That said, it is possible to reduce the risk of vaginal cancer with certain lifestyle modifications. The following are some of the important vaginal cancer prevention measures:


Vaginal cancer risk factors include HPV infection, smoking, history of cervical and vulvar cancer, prenatal exposure to DES, advanced age, and immunosuppression. The most important vaginal cancer prevention measures include HPV vaccination, avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, practicing safer sex, awareness of symptoms, and regular health check-ups.

Frequently Asked Questions

No specific diet can prevent vaginal cancer. However, a balanced diet that comprises protein, healthy fats, fibers, and other micronutrients helps lower the risk of vaginal cancer.

No, vaginal cancer is not completely preventable. However, one can adopt various measures that can help reduce their vaginal cancer risk, and they include practicing safe sex, taking the HPV vaccine, quitting tobacco, opting for regular health checkups, and consuming a balanced diet.

HPV vaccination may significantly lower the risk of vaginal cancer, as most vaginal cancers are associated with HPV infection.

Although oral contraceptives increase the risk of cervical cancer, there are no studies to suggest similar effects for vaginal cancer.

Women with a family history of vaginal cancer are at a higher risk of developing this condition, suggesting a genetic association with this cancer.

Early menstruation or late menopause increase the risk of several gynecological cancers. However, the impact of these events on the risk of vaginal cancer is not known.

If there are any unusual symptoms in the vaginal area, you should immediately consult a gynecologist for further evaluation.