Vulvar Cancer Risk Factors and Prevention Measures

Any woman can get vulvar cancer. However, certain women are at a higher risk of developing this cancer than others. The possible reason could be their exposure to certain factors that increase the risk of vulvar cancer. These factors, referred to as risk factors, may be modifiable or non-modifiable.

Modifying these risk factors involves identifying and adopting specific vulvar cancer prevention measures, which help reduce the risk of this cancer type significantly.

Vulvar Cancer Risk Factors

Vulvar Cancer Prevention Tips


Adopting preventive measures such as avoiding HPV infection, getting vaccinated, refraining from smoking, and prioritizing regular pelvic checkups, including self-exams, constitutes a comprehensive strategy for vulvar cancer prevention. Along with these, it is also important to be aware of the different vulvar cancer symptoms and seek medical attention whenever necessary.

Frequently Asked Questions

Vulvar cancer commonly occurs in postmenopausal women, most commonly between the ages of 60 and 70. While it can affect individuals at any age, the incidence rises with advancing age. Regular gynecological check-ups become crucial, especially for women in this age group, to facilitate early detection and effective management.

Yes, it is possible to develop vulvar cancer without being infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Other factors, such as age, smoking, and pre-existing conditions, can lead to vulvar cancer formation independently of HPV infection.

The time taken for HPV to cause vulvar cancer may vary from one patient to another. In some cases, persistent HPV infection over several years may lead to the development of vulvar cancer. That said, not everyone with HPV infection develops cancer, and timely interventions, such as vaccination and regular screenings, can prevent or detect precancerous changes before they progress to the invasive state.

Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia (VIN), a precancerous condition, may sometimes go away without any interventions. However, this is not guaranteed, and VIN is often managed through interventions such as surgery or topical treatments. Regular monitoring is necessary to evaluate the VIN progression and determine the most appropriate course of treatment.

The commonly recommended vulvar cancer prevention measures include quitting smoking, preventing HPV infection, getting vaccinated against HPV, and opting for regular self-examinations and screening.