Cervical Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis - A Detailed Guide

Cervical cancer is a significant health concern in India, and it necessitates a deep understanding of the disease and a thorough exploration of its diagnostic and treatment protocols. At HCG, our specialists employ modern diagnostic and treatment protocols to diagnose, treat, and manage cervical cancer.

Procedures or Tests for Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer

Specialists use multiple tests for cervical cancer diagnosis, and upon arriving at a conclusive diagnosis, they create a personalized treatment plan. The following are the most recommended tests for the diagnosis of cervical cancer:

Pap Smear (Pap Test)

A Pap smear test, also considered a cervical cancer screening tool, involves collecting and examining cells from the cervical lining for abnormalities.


The HPV DNA test involves collecting cervical cells and examining them for the presence of the DNA of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) strains that are associated with cervical cancer.


Colposcopy involves visually examining the cervix for the presence of precancerous lesions or tumors. A colposcope is a specialized instrument that is externally positioned near the vaginal opening, and the regions of the vulva, vagina, and cervix are examined for any abnormalities.


A biopsy is an important diagnostic test for cervical cancer and is usually recommended for a conclusive diagnosis. During this procedure, a small sample of the cervix tissue is removed and examined under a microscope to look for the presence of cancerous cells.

Imaging Tests

Imaging tests help in obtaining images of the internal structures of the organ examined, in this case, the cervix. Apart from the diagnosis of cervical cancer, imaging tests can also help in disease staging, treatment response monitoring, and relapse evaluation. The following are the imaging tests used for the diagnosis of cervical cancer:

What are Effective Cervical Cancer Treatments?

Upon arriving at a definitive diagnosis, a personalized cervical cancer treatment plan is devised. The treatment may be unimodal (one treatment) or multimodal (a combination of two or more treatments) depending on multiple factors, such as the type of cervical cancer, its stage, its grade, the patient’s age, the patient’s overall health, and lastly, the patient’s preferences.


Surgery is often the first line of cervical cancer treatment or pelvic cancer treatment. Surgery is often recommended as a treatment for stage 1 cervical cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove as much tumor tissue as possible. Surgery may remove only the tumor or the entire organ, depending on the extent of the disease’s spread. Surgery is often combined with other treatment options like chemotherapy and radiation therapy to improve the overall effectiveness of the treatment.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy, or radiotherapy, is also one of the important cervical cancer treatment options. Radiotherapy for cervical cancer involves targeting the tumor with powerful and intense radiation beams, which damage the DNA structure of the tumor cells and stop them from growing. With the advanced technology available today, we can precisely target the tumor while reducing damage to the nearby healthy tissues.

Radiotherapy for cervical cancer is often recommended after surgery to destroy the residual cancer cells, which is important in reducing the risk of recurrence.


Chemotherapy is another important cervical cancer treatment option, wherein specialists recommend potent medication for cervical cancer management. Cervical cancer chemotherapy involves the use of powerful drugs to destroy cancerous cells throughout the body. This treatment is usually recommended if the disease has spread to different organs in the body.

Chemotherapy may be administered before the surgery (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) or after the surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy) to shrink the tumor or destroy the residual cancer cells, respectively. Cervical cancer chemotherapy is administered orally or intravenously, depending on individual case parameters.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy is one of the latest cervical cancer treatments, wherein specific molecules and cellular pathways that are responsible for cancer growth are targeted. Cervical cancer medicines administered as a part of targeted therapy block the activity of those specific molecules and pathways and affect cancer growth. Targeted therapy is often recommended when standard treatments fail to show a desirable response. One of the biggest advantages of targeted therapy is that it significantly reduces damage to healthy tissues in the body.


Immunotherapy is one of the new treatments for cervical cancer, wherein the patient’s immune system is re-engineered to identify and attack the cancer cells in the body. For cervical cancer, immune checkpoint inhibitors are administered as a part of immunotherapy, and they work by blocking the proteins that stop the immune system from identifying and attacking the cancer cells. Immunotherapy for cervical cancer may be recommended when the standard treatments become ineffective, or it may be recommended along with the standard treatments for better treatment effectiveness.

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials involve testing new drugs, treatment combinations, and treatment approaches for effective cervical cancer management. Those cervical cancer patients who have exhausted all their treatment options may enroll in clinical trials, as these provide them with an option to try out new treatments before they are widely available.

Participation in clinical trials is voluntary, and patients must have a detailed discussion with their expert team before enrolling, as not all patients are eligible to participate in a clinical trial. To learn more about enrolling in clinical trials for cervical cancer management, please talk to a specialist.

Why Choose HCG for Treatment and Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer?

As the best cervical cancer treatment hospital in India, HCG is committed to delivering the highest quality diagnostic and treatment support to cervical cancer patients across the country. The entire team at HCG practices a personalized and patient-centric care approach wherein the patient is at the center of their treatment journey and receives the treatment, care, and attention that are designed just for them.

Along with access to leading-edge diagnostic and treatment facilities, patients are also given access to clinical trials to help them access newer treatment approaches to manage and improve their condition. The comfortable care setting at HCG has helped millions of patients receive the best treatment for cervical cancer.


The field of cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment is consistently evolving, and patients are able to access better diagnostic and treatment facilities today. That said, regular screening and being mindful of different symptoms are still important for the early detection and timely treatment of cervical cancer, and they significantly impact clinical outcomes.

Frequently Asked Questions

The treatment administered for cervical cancer depends on individual case parameters. No two patients with cervical cancer can undergo the same treatment. A treatment plan that may work for one patient may not work for another.

Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy are the different treatment options available for cervical cancer, and they may be administered individually or in combination with one another. Before devising a customized treatment plan, factors like the type of cervical cancer, its stage, its grade, the patient’s overall health status, and their preferences are considered.

For all these reasons, it is not possible to identify one treatment as the most common treatment for cervical cancer.

It is possible to treat cervical cancer successfully, provided it is caught and treated in its early stages. Regular screening, being mindful of different cervical cancer symptoms, and lastly, seeing a specialist when something is not normal can help in the early detection of cervical cancer.

That said, no treatment is considered a cure for cervical cancer as of now.

The latest treatments available for cervical cancer include targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Both of these treatments specifically target the cancer cells and therefore reduce the damage to healthy cells. Often, these treatments are recommended when the standard treatments become ineffective. In some cases, they are recommended along with standard treatments to improve the overall effectiveness of the treatment.

A blood test may be one of the tests recommended for the diagnosis of cervical cancer. Blood tests are written to look for specific tumor markers in the blood. However, a blood test alone cannot confirm the diagnosis.

Ultrasound may not be one of the most recommended tests for cervical cancer visualization and diagnosis. However, it may be used to evaluate the size of the tumor and the extent of the disease’s spread. Other imaging tests, such as MRI scans, PET scans, and CT scans, provide a better visualization of cervical cancer.

Yes, cervical cancer can be easily detected through routine screening tests such as Pap smears, HPV tests, and colposcopy. These tests help specialists look for abnormal cellular changes in the cervix or precancerous lesions that might become cancerous. It is possible to treat these abnormalities effectively and reduce the risk of cervical cancer.

Yes, brachytherapy can be effective for cervical cancer. It is a form of radiation therapy for cervical cancer wherein the radiation source is placed inside or very close to the tumor. The radiation emitted by this radiation source damages cancer cells and reduces their growth. The biggest advantage of administering brachytherapy, or internal radiation therapy, for cervical cancer is that it allows high-dose, targeted radiation delivery while reducing damage to nearby tissues.