Esophageal Cancer: Risk Factors & Prevention Measures

The risk of esophageal cancer is relatively high among those who consume tobacco and alcohol. Those with chronic acid reflux also have a higher chance of developing esophageal cancer. Having a detailed understanding of various esophageal carcinoma risk factors and measures for the possible prevention of esophageal cancer can help reduce the overall risk of esophageal cancer

What are the Esophageal Cancer Risk Factors?

Certain lifestyle-related and non-lifestyle-related factors may impact the risk of esophageal cancer. Lifestyle-related risk factors are modifiable. In other words, it is possible to reduce one’s esophageal cancer risk by making certain lifestyle modifications.

Esophageal Cancer Prevention Measures

There is no proven way to prevent esophageal cancer. However, adopting certain preventive measures can help reduce esophageal cancer risk. The following are some of the important esophageal cancer prevention measures:


It is not possible to prevent esophageal cancer since the exact cause of it is unknown. However, some esophageal cancer prevention measures may help reduce one’s risk of developing this cancer. Refraining from tobacco and alcohol consumption, consuming a balanced diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and undergoing regular health checkups are a few measures that can help reduce the risk of esophageal cancer.

Frequently Asked Questions

Esophageal cancer patients should avoid certain foods, as they are either difficult to swallow or cause irritation and heartburn. It is better to avoid crackers and nuts, spicy foods, fatty foods, fried foods, hot foods and drinks, acidic foods, and processed foods.

It is also necessary to refrain from tobacco and alcohol consumption.

While evaluating the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients, doctors consider a myriad of factors, including the stage at which the diagnosis is made, the type of esophageal cancer, the patient’s age, and the patient’s overall health status. The 5-year survival rates are good if esophageal cancer is diagnosed in the early stages, when the tumor is localized.

This depends on various factors like the disease’s stage, the patient’s age, and the overall health condition of the patient. Without treatment, esophageal cancer patients may survive for about 4-6 months.

Patients have excellent survival rates when the disease is diagnosed and treated in the early stages, and therefore, it is important to receive timely treatment for esophageal cancer.

Esophageal cancer commonly spreads to the lymph nodes present in the regions of the chest and neck. As the disease progresses, it may spread to distant lymph nodes.

The biggest risk factors for esophageal carcinoma include tobacco and alcohol consumption, health conditions like GERD, Barrett’s esophagus, and achalasia, obesity, increasing age, certain vitamin deficiencies, and poor diet habits.