Multiple Myeloma Risk Factors and Foods to Avoid

The risk of developing multiple myeloma depends on various modifiable and non-modifiable factors. Having these factors does not guarantee a multiple myeloma diagnosis; it only means one has a higher chance of developing this disease.

Although there is no specific diet for multiple myeloma, certain foods are reported to have a positive impact on recovery during multiple myeloma treatment, while others, on the other hand, are observed to have a negative impact.

Multiple Myeloma Risk Factors

Risk factors for multiple myeloma increase one’s chances of developing this condition. The following are some of the important multiple myeloma risk factors:

Best Diet for Multiple Myeloma

A balanced diet is the best diet for multiple myeloma. Certain foods are going to positively impact the treatment response, help patients remain strong throughout their treatment, and support a better recovery after the treatment.

Foods to Avoid with Multiple Myeloma

Not all foods are good for myeloma. Foods to avoid during the myeloma treatment include those that increase the infection risk. those that increase the infection risk. It is important for myeloma patients to be careful about infections, as they may have poor immunity during the treatment, and these infections may become life-threatening for them.

Who is at High Risk of Multiple Myeloma?

It's important to understand that while certain factors increase the risk of multiple myeloma, the disease can affect anyone. However, individuals at higher risk should be particularly careful about their health and consider regular check-ups.


Multiple myeloma is a multifaceted disease influenced by various factors, including age, gender, race, genetics, and family history. Adhering to a balanced diet rich in greens, fiber, and essential nutrients can significantly contribute to overall well-being. Additionally, avoiding risky dietary practices can help maintain health during the management of multiple myeloma. Regular medical checkups and early detection are key to effectively managing the condition.

Frequently Asked Questions

Multiple myeloma risk factors include age, gender (male), race (Black), family history, personal history of MGUS, obesity, and other plasma cell diseases.

Dairy products are a good source of calcium, which is essential for bone health. However, individuals with lactose intolerance or specific dietary restrictions should consult their healthcare provider for suitable alternatives.

Tomatoes are rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. They can be part of a balanced diet for multiple myeloma patients, providing essential nutrients and supporting overall health.

Physical activity, including walking, offers numerous health benefits, such as improved cardiovascular health and overall well-being. Consult your healthcare team for personalized recommendations based on your condition and fitness level.