Multiple Myeloma Symptoms and Causes

Not all patients experience multiple myeloma symptoms. Some symptoms may even overlap with those of other diseases. Therefore, being aware of the different multiple myeloma symptoms and promptly seeing a doctor for a proper evaluation can help in the effective management of multiple myeloma.

Who Is Mainly Affected by Multiple Myeloma?

Multiple myeloma can affect individuals of various backgrounds and ages.

However, many studies over the years have found that certain factors can increase the risk of multiple myeloma. This cancer is more prevalent in older adults, with the majority of cases diagnosed in individuals over 65. Additionally, men are slightly more likely to develop multiple myeloma than women. While the exact cause remains unclear, a family history of multiple myeloma or related plasma cell disorders may elevate the risk.

Multiple Myeloma Symptoms and Signs

Multiple myeloma is characterized by a range of symptoms and signs, which can vary in intensity and impact. Early detection is crucial for timely intervention. Common symptoms and signs include:

Multiple Myeloma Causes

The exact causes of multiple myeloma are not fully understood, but several factors have been identified as potential contributors:

Complications of Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma can lead to various complications, including:

When to See an Oncologist?

When one starts experiencing the multiple myeloma symptoms and signs listed above, it is important to see a specialist for a proper evaluation. As a few signs of multiple myeloma overlap with those of other diseases, seeing a doctor for a conclusive diagnosis is highly recommended.


Myeloma signs and symptoms can vary from one patient to another. Being aware of different multiple myeloma symptoms, not missing them when they appear, and lastly, undergoing regular checkups can help in the early detection of multiple myeloma.

Frequently Asked Questions

Multiple myeloma typically originates in the bone marrow, specifically in the plasma cells, which are a type of white blood cell. These cancerous plasma cells multiply uncontrollably, leading to the development of myeloma.

Multiple myeloma weakens the immune system's ability to fight infections effectively. The cancerous plasma cells crowd out healthy white blood cells, reducing the body's ability to combat pathogens.

There is no direct evidence to suggest that stress is one of the multiple myeloma causes. The development of myeloma is a complex process involving various genetic and environmental factors. Stress may contribute indirectly to overall health but is not considered a direct cause of myeloma.

Multiple myeloma can be associated with genetic mutations and alterations, but it is a multifactorial disease with no single gene responsible for causing it. Various genetic changes can play a role in the development of myeloma.

Currently, there is no conclusive evidence linking multiple myeloma to a specific virus. Myeloma is primarily considered a result of genetic and environmental factors, although research in this area continues.

Myeloma can affect kidney function due to the buildup of abnormal proteins in the bloodstream. This can lead to increased thirst and more frequent urination.

Preventing multiple myeloma entirely is challenging because its exact causes are not fully understood. However, adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding known risk factors, can contribute to overall well-being. Early detection through regular medical check-ups and screenings is essential for managing the disease effectively. While prevention may not be guaranteed, maintaining good health practices can reduce the risk of multiple myeloma and improve overall quality of life.