Testicular Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment - A Detailed Guide

Procedures or Tests for Testicular Cancer Diagnosis

There are multiple tests available for the diagnosis of testicular cancer. These tests help in diagnosis, staging, and treatment planning, too. Some of the common tests for testicular cancer diagnosis are:

What are Effective Testicular Cancer Treatments?

Upon arriving at a conclusive diagnosis of testicular cancer, it is further staged before devising a personalized treatment plan. While creating a treatment plan, specialists consider a myriad of factors, such as the type of testicular cancer, its stage, its size, the patient’s age and overall health status, and the patient’s preferences. Some of the testicular cancer treatments include:


Surgery is the primary treatment option for all types of testicular cancers. The surgery removes one or both the testicles and/or the affected lymph nodes. The types of testicular surgeries are:


It is a testicular cancer treatment approach that uses medicines to kill the cancer cells. This testicular cancer therapy involves administering powerful drugs, also known as chemotherapy drugs, orally or intravenously. Chemotherapy drugs interfere with the vital processes in the cell cycle of cancerous cells and kill them. Chemotherapy may be used in combination with radiation therapy or surgery.

Radiation Therapy

During radiation therapy as a testicular cancer treatment, the cancer cells are killed through high-energy radiation, such as X-rays or gamma rays. As a part of a treatment strategy for testicular cancer, radiation therapy is used in cases where the disease has metastasized to the lymph nodes. Seminoma-type testicular cancer is highly sensitive to radiation therapy. It may be used in combination with surgery or radiation therapy.


Immunotherapy involves delivering drugs that interfere with the immune system-evading process of cancer cells. These drugs make the cancer cells more vulnerable to the immune system. The immune system identifies the cancer cells and kills them. As immunotherapy targets the procedure specific to cancer cells, this therapy has fewer side effects than chemotherapy.

Why Choose HCG for Testicular Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment?

HCG Cancer Center has all the required facilities for diagnosis, management, and post-surgical care for patients with testicular cancer. The center has advanced imaging testing facilities, including MRI, CT, ultrasound, and PET scans. Further, various treatment options, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy, are available at the center. The center also delivers the services of extensively experienced medical oncologists and oncology surgeons.


The diagnostic methods for testicular cancer include physical examination and medical history, imaging techniques, testicular cancer surgery, and tumor marker tests. Testicular cancer treatment options include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, and immunotherapy. Testicular surgery types include orchiectomy and lymph node dissection.

Frequently Asked Questions

The permanent treatment for testicular cancer depends on the stage of diagnosis. If diagnosed very early, testicular cancer can be treated successfully. However, once the treatment is completed, patients should be monitored at regular intervals after treatment.

There is a high testicular cancer survival rate. However, the overall survival period depends upon several factors, such as the stage of diagnosis, response to testicular cancer treatment, and the overall patient's health.

Yes, testicular cancer may relapse in some patients. In some cases, non-seminoma cancer relapses within two years of chemotherapy or surgery, and seminoma recurs within three years.

It depends on the type of symptoms. If the symptoms are swelling and a lump in the scrotum, it can be detected easily.

A combination of physical examination, ultrasound, and tumor marker testing assists in confirming the diagnosis of testicular cancer. A biopsy is usually not recommended for a definitive testicular cancer diagnosis.